The Culture of Oman
The Omani culture is the product of the history of the Sultanate of its religious development and its tribal roots. Islam is the official religion and the people of Oman is proud to join the current Ibadi with its practices, ceremonies and creeds. The current ibadismo is considered a moderate Islam, and although it may be termed a conservative current by the West is far less rigorous than in other Arab regions.
The Omani traditional clothing reflects the richness of the local culture with feminine dresses featuring embroidery and colors. Traditionally, the woman's dress is made up of three parts: long dress (thawb) that covers just below the knee, pants (Sirwal) wide who gather at the ankles and usually embroidered with colorful threads and silver, and the veil ( hijab) that covers the head and the torso of women. The traditional dress is male instead Disdasha, a cotton tunic of various colors and characterized by a small tassel near the collar. The Disdasha is traditionally associated with the turban (Mussar) also characterized by different colors and embroideries. The traditional male clothing is now complete with the Khanjar, a dagger inlaid curved tip and the lining is worn attached to a belt.
MEALS AND FOOD
As in many Arab traditions in Oman the meal is considered a time of socialization. The Omanis are famous for their hospitality, it is not uncommon that visitors are greeted with kahwa, the traditional Omani coffee characterized by a strong flavor and spicy and very often served with sweet food act to counteract the bitterness, dates, halwa (sweet typical made with rose water, cardamom, cashew nuts, starch and cane sugar) or lokhemat, dessert served with sweet lime and cardamom syrup). The traditional Omani cuisine is not very elaborate and consists mainly of rice, often cooked with saffron, spicy chicken, mutton or fish, dates, coffee or tea. The holiday dishes are rich and varied, the Aursia consists of mashed rice and spices, Shuwa is mutton, marinated for at least one day in herbs and spices and cooked for two days in a pit dug in the sand and the Mashual, a whole slice of roasted kingfish served with lemon rice.
During religious festivals the dishes become even more elaborate and differ depending on the region in which they are prepared. In the region of Dhofar and Al Wusta is celebrated with the Maqdeen, special dried meat, while in the area of the Sharqiyah and Muscat is served Muqabal, tripe cooked with different spices. Other special dishes cooked only on the occasion of religious festivals (Eid) are the Arsi, a dish made of mutton cooked with rice, and miskak, skewers of mutton or chicken roasted on the embers. Most meals are accompanied by soup, vegetables and lentils. There are also side dishes of fresh vegetables served with local cheese, chicken, fried fish or meat.
TRADITIONAL MUSIC AND DANCE
Each region of Oman has its own songs and dances associated with the different tribal groups in the area. These are performed during ceremonies, festivities and celebrations. Most of the traditional songs tell of the deep bond between Oman and the sea. In the area of Sharqiyah there are songs for each stage of the open sea: the preparation of the boat, the journey and the return to the port of origin. The Shilat to Hamool, known as the hub of the song is performed when loading the boat, while the Naza Al Shaara, or the raising of the sails, is a type of song that changes depending on the type of sails are hoisted.
Even the desert and the Bedouin culture have their own repertoire of traditional songs such as Al Targhrud, a group of songs that are sung when you ride a camel to maintain peace and a good spirit for the Bedouin and his animal. The song At Taariq, native to this part of the Bedouins of Arabia, singing the merits of the female camel held in high regard by the inhabitants of the desert. Come from the region of Musandam unique music and songs, the Ruwah, performed by the Bedouins who inhabit these mountain areas, consists of a series of drummers that perform circular movements to scan different parts of the day, the Al Dan instead provides drummers go meeting in two rows of men until one does not break the lines and is symbolically chased until its original location.
The breeding of horses is considered an art in Oman and has been always been an integral part of Arab culture. The Middle East is considered by many to be the cradle of horse and all its associated culture and Oman is no exception. After a first use for survival in the desert, the horse is now considered a status symbol and its breeding is a source of pride for the tribes that practice it. The Arabian horse is considered worldwide one of the most prestigious horse races and for this reason the breeding of this animal aims at maintaining the purity of pedigree. The rise of Sultan Qaboos bin Said has brought new directives breeding of Arabian horses in Oman. In 1975 was established the Royal Stud Farm, a department of the royal stables act to develop and maintain the purity of the Arabian breed.