The Nature of Oman
The Sultanate of Oman surprisingly large proportion of its visitors for the variety of landscapes found within its borders: the spectacular mountains, different types of desert called Wadi seasonal rivers, and an endless coastline, the Khareef is a distinctive feature of the Dhofar region , with the monsoon winds that blow in the summer and they can transform a landscape and arid desert in a place full of life and prosperous. Different types of plants and trees have played a vital role in the history of Oman. Among the most important are the date palm, a plant that has allowed the livelihood of the local population since prehistoric times, and the tree of incense with its precious resin Oman has made one of the key countries for the production and trade to Europe. The date palm is closely connected with the Omani culture and society: a new palm tree is planted at the birth of a son, following the belief that the plant will live the same number of years for which the person has been planted and will thus be a source of sustenance in times of famine. Even the Bedouins have always used the dates for the cross of the desert, 15 dates, supply the body with the minerals and vitamins needed for the day. As well as the Bedouins, even surfers have always used the date as sustenance during long journeys, but accompanied by lemon and tea to fight scurvy. The incense tree is considered a gift of God by the people of South Arabia since one can not cultivate or transplant. The tree grows, in fact, only in certain areas, where soil texture and moisture are optimal. The resin produced by this tree was paid the equivalent of its weight in gold and Oman traded since ancient times incense to Europe and India. In the culture of Omani frankincense plays a fundamental role in the fragrance and personal environments. The finest quality incense are attributed healing powers and very often the resin beads are pulverized and ingested to combat stomach pains, colitis or bronchial asthma.
The fauna is rich Omani for careful observers, apart from goats and camels, there are many animal species but to find them you have to know where to look! The deserts and mountains come alive during the night: in the desert can happen to observe hares, foxes and hawks while in the mountains, one can encounter in the Arabian wolf, gazelle and, with a little 'luck, the famous Arabian leopard still inhabit the mountains of Dhofar. Symbol of Oman is the Oryx, only animal in the world that most of the camel adapted to desert life. Reduced to a population of only three copies in 1972, the Oryx was heavily guarded to prevent their extinction. To date, more than 200 specimens were counted and this beautiful animal can be observed at the Shrine Yaluni for Oryx. Even the seas surrounding the Sultanate are full of life, up to now 20 types of whales have been identified in these waters. The most common are the Humpback Whales and Sperm Whales. There are rare sightings of whale sharks while diving near the coast of Muscat. In water, however, the most common sight is given by the dolphins. Present in different species, these animals often accompany the fishing boats or excursion boats. It 'also possible to detect, especially in the early hours of the day along the coast a few hundred meters from the beach. Other animal symbol of Oman is the green turtle. Every year during the summer months, more than 100,000 copies arrive on the shores of Oman to lay their eggs and the Sultanate is internationally recognized for the key role in the preservation of this species.